10/08/2021 – Sustainability / Solar Power / Sal / Electric / Boat / Torqeedo
Solar boat completes emission-free voyage to Alaska
An electric boat that runs virtually endlessly on solar power is a dream that has driven father and son team David and Alex Borton for the last 17 years. This summer, that dream became reality with a landmark voyage for their firm Solar Sal Boats.
Since 2004, the father-and-son team has been working to fulfil their vision, building several custom, patented, solar-electric boats under the brand name of Solar Sal.
This summer, the pair completed what they believe to be the first-ever solar-electric boat voyage from Bellingham, Washington state, to Juneau, Alaska.
They departed on Tuesday 25 May in their 27-foot wooden hull solar boat Wayward Sun, and they made landfall at Ketchikan, Alaska, on 13 June. Thereafter, they continued up the coast at a more leisurely pace to Glacier Bay and Juneau, concluding the voyage on 8 July.
“The sun rises every day. If our batteries get too low, we just wait"
The electric boat is powered 100-per-cent by solar energy, with no fossil-fuel combustion engine at all on board. "People always ask us if we have any gas or diesel back up," said Alex Borton, "but the sun rises every day. If our batteries get too low, we just wait."
Wayward Sun – built by Devlin Boat in Olympia, Washington State – is propelled by a Torqeedo Cruise 4.0 electric pod drive with six Torqeedo Power 24-3500 lithium batteries. There is a separate 12-volt system for lights, electronics and other DC-powered systems, and an inverter for occasional AC loads, like making waffles. The batteries are charged from a 1,700-Watt array of solar cells on the boat's rooftop.
"The solar-electric system has more than exceeded our expectations," said Mr Borton. "During the 45-day passage from Bellingham to Glacier Bay to Juneau, we were underway for 38 days. We averaged 32 nautical miles per day at an average speed of 3.7 knots. While some days we stopped early or left late because of weather, there were only two full days we didn't travel at all due to high winds or dense fog.
"Even on a completely overcast day this time of year, we can travel at 2-3 knots during daylight hours without drawing on our batteries at all," he continued. "With direct sunlight, we can do 5 knots or more all day without any battery use. Most of the trip was overcast and it rained a lot. Some days we travelled slowly because we had to; other days we travelled slowly and charged the batteries while underway."
Severing the tie to shore power
"Most electric boats on the market today are limited by their battery capacity, which means they have to return to shore power to charge," explained Mr Borton. "Until recently, solar panels and batteries were just not capable of severing the tie to shore power, so it was only functional for extending range or for partial charging. But now, thanks to advances in solar cells and Torqeedo's efficient electric drives and high-capacity batteries, it's possible to produce a solar boat with reasonable speeds and accommodation that can continuously cruise without ever charging from the shore,” he said, adding: “If I had more time I would keep going for another 1,000 miles."
They navigated from Bellingham to Ketchikan using the inside passage, anchoring at night since they were not permitted to go ashore in British Columbia due to Canadian Covid-19 travel restrictions. "That was no problem for us," said Mr Borton. "We had lots of food, a cosy cuddy for sleeping below deck. And, of course, our solar boat doesn't need refuelling."
"This is an important validation of state-of-the-art solar-electric boat propulsion technology, and we have enjoyed following their daily progress on their blog," said Mary Jo Reinhart, director of OEM and retail sales, Torqeedo, Inc.
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